vencer


vencer
v.
1 to beat (to defeat) (rival).
consiguió vencer al cáncer he won his battle against cancer
2 to overcome (superar) (miedo, obstáculo).
venció al cansancio/sueño she overcame her exhaustion/sleepiness
lo venció el cansancio he was overcome by tiredness
3 to win (equipo, partido).
dejarse vencer por el desánimo/la apatía to let oneself be discouraged/to give in o succumb to apathy
4 to expire (caducar) (garantía, contrato).
el plazo para entregar las solicitudes vence el 15 de mayo the closing date o the deadline for sending in applications is 15 May
La garantía expira mañana The guarantee expires tomorrow.
5 to prevail.
6 to defeat, to conquer, to beat out, to beat.
El equipo malo venció al campeón The lousy team defeated the champ.
Ella vence sus miedos She conquers her fears.
* * *
vencer
Conjugation model [MECER], like {{link=mecer}}mecer
verbo transitivo
1 DEPORTE to beat
2 MILITAR to defeat, conquer, vanquish
vencieron al enemigo they defeated the enemy
3 (exceder) to outdo, surpass
la vence en belleza she surpasses her in beauty
4 (problema etc) to overcome, surmount
5 (ser dominado) to overcome
la venció el cansancio she was overcome by tiredness
6 (romper) to break; (doblar) to bend
verbo intransitivo
1 (ganar) to win
2 (deuda etc) to fall due, be payable
3 (plazo) to expire
4 (torcer) to go off to
el camino vence a la derecha the path goes off to the right
verbo pronominal vencerse
1 (romperse) to break; (doblarse) to bend, incline
2 figurado (reprimir) to control oneself
* * *
verb
1) to win
2) defeat
3) overcome
4) expire
* * *
1. VT
1) (=derrotar) [+ enemigo, rival] to defeat, beat; [+ enfermedad, dolor] to beat, overcome

vencieron al equipo visitante por 3 a 2 — they defeated o beat the visiting team 3-2

nuestro sistema inmunológico es capaz de vencer al virus — our immune system is capable of beating o overcoming the virus

a decir tonterías nadie le vence — when it comes to talking rubbish he's in a class of his own, no one beats him when it comes to talking rubbish

vence a todos en elegancia — he outdoes them all in style, he beats them all for style

2) (=controlar) [+ miedo, tentación] to overcome; [+ pasión] to control

consiguió vencer la tentación de fumar — he managed to overcome the temptation to smoke

3) (=prevalecer) [miedo, sueño] to overcome

por fin lo venció el sueño — sleep finally overcame him

me venció el pánico cuando tuve que hablarle — panic got the better of me o I was overcome with panic when I had to speak to him

4) (Dep) [+ obstáculo] to overcome; [+ prueba] to complete; [+ distancia] to do, complete; [+ montaña] to conquer

vencieron los 15km en dos horas — they did o completed the 15km in two hours

no consiguió vencer todas las pruebas — he didn't manage to complete all the heats

5) (=hacer ceder) [+ soporte, rama] to break

el peso de los libros ha vencido el estante — the shelf gave way under the weight of the books, the weight of the books broke the shelf

conseguimos vencer la puerta — we managed to break the door down

2. VI
1) (en batalla, partido, elecciones) to win

hemos vencido por dos a cero — we won two nil

¡venceremos! — we shall win o overcome!

dejarse vencer (por) — to give in(to)

no te dejes vencer y sigue adelante — keep going and don't give in

por fin se dejó vencer por la curiosidad — he finally gave in to his curiosity, he finally let (his) curiosity get the better of him

no te dejes vencer por las dificultades — don't give up in the face of difficulties, don't let difficulties get the better of you

2) liter [amor, pasión] to triumph, be triumphant
3) (Com) [documento, póliza, pasaporte] to expire; [inversión] to mature

su contrato vence a final de año — his contract runs out o expires at the end of the year

el plazo para pagar el alquiler vence mañana — the deadline for paying the rent is tomorrow, the rent is due tomorrow

el plazo para la entrega de solicitudes vence mañana — the closing date for applications is tomorrow

la semana que viene me vence el primer plazo del ordenador — I have to pay my first instalment on the computer next week, my first instalment on the computer is due next week

3.
See:
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
a) <enemigo> to defeat, vanquish (liter); <rival/competidor> to defeat, beat

no te dejes vencer — don't give in

b) <miedo/pesimismo/obstáculo> to overcome
c) (dominar)

me venció el sueño/el cansancio — I was overcome by sleep/tiredness

2.
vencer vi
1) ejército/equipo to win, be victorious

venceremos! — we shall overcome!

2)
a) pasaporte/garantía to expire

el lunes vence el plazo — Monday is the deadline

antes de que venza la garantía — before the guarantee runs out o expires

b) letra to be due for payment
3.
vencerse v pron
1) tabla/rama to give way, break
2) (AmL) pasaporte/garantía to expire

se me venció el carnet — my card expired o ran out

* * *
= be due, become + overdue, become + due, conquer, win, vanquish, win out, prevail, defeat, best.
Ex. The date due calculated by the circulation programs is always checked against the list of dates the library is closed to ensure that a document is not due when it cannot be returned.
Ex. The full fine is charged from the time the document became overdue.
Ex. A list of all subscriptions about to become due may be made by using this subfunction.
Ex. The tools and technologies provided by the Internet enable scholars to communicate or disseminate information in ways which conquer the barriers of time and space.
Ex. Those who perform in this manner can be characterized as those who would 'rather fight than win'.
Ex. The Condensed Books series holds a unique and ubiquitous book publishing franchise that has vanquished all competitors.
Ex. It remains to be seen which approach will win out, in the current tug-of-war.
Ex. The emphasis on title entry came from the specialized libraries, primarily the technical libraries, that were small but had the money and the power behind them to see that their view prevails.
Ex. The article is entitled 'Dewey Decimal system defeats Truman! Library cartoons'.
Ex. Back in 2001, the tossed salad they prepared fed some 5,000, which then bested the record held by a community in Utah in the United States.
----
* vencer a Alguien en su propio terreno = beat + Nombre + at + Posesivo + own game.
* vencer completamente = beat + soundly.
* vencer el miedo = face + Posesivo + fears, conquer + fear, overcome + Posesivo + fear.
* vencer un obstáculo = surmount + obstacle, conquer + barrier.
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
a) <enemigo> to defeat, vanquish (liter); <rival/competidor> to defeat, beat

no te dejes vencer — don't give in

b) <miedo/pesimismo/obstáculo> to overcome
c) (dominar)

me venció el sueño/el cansancio — I was overcome by sleep/tiredness

2.
vencer vi
1) ejército/equipo to win, be victorious

venceremos! — we shall overcome!

2)
a) pasaporte/garantía to expire

el lunes vence el plazo — Monday is the deadline

antes de que venza la garantía — before the guarantee runs out o expires

b) letra to be due for payment
3.
vencerse v pron
1) tabla/rama to give way, break
2) (AmL) pasaporte/garantía to expire

se me venció el carnet — my card expired o ran out

* * *
= be due, become + overdue, become + due, conquer, win, vanquish, win out, prevail, defeat, best.

Ex: The date due calculated by the circulation programs is always checked against the list of dates the library is closed to ensure that a document is not due when it cannot be returned.

Ex: The full fine is charged from the time the document became overdue.
Ex: A list of all subscriptions about to become due may be made by using this subfunction.
Ex: The tools and technologies provided by the Internet enable scholars to communicate or disseminate information in ways which conquer the barriers of time and space.
Ex: Those who perform in this manner can be characterized as those who would 'rather fight than win'.
Ex: The Condensed Books series holds a unique and ubiquitous book publishing franchise that has vanquished all competitors.
Ex: It remains to be seen which approach will win out, in the current tug-of-war.
Ex: The emphasis on title entry came from the specialized libraries, primarily the technical libraries, that were small but had the money and the power behind them to see that their view prevails.
Ex: The article is entitled 'Dewey Decimal system defeats Truman! Library cartoons'.
Ex: Back in 2001, the tossed salad they prepared fed some 5,000, which then bested the record held by a community in Utah in the United States.
* vencer a Alguien en su propio terreno = beat + Nombre + at + Posesivo + own game.
* vencer completamente = beat + soundly.
* vencer el miedo = face + Posesivo + fears, conquer + fear, overcome + Posesivo + fear.
* vencer un obstáculo = surmount + obstacle, conquer + barrier.

* * *
vencer [E2 ]
vt
A
1 (derrotar) ‹enemigo› to defeat, vanquish (liter); ‹rival/competidor› to defeat, beat
no te dejes vencer don't give in
2 ‹pasiones/miedo› to overcome, conquer; ‹pereza/pesimismo› to overcome; ‹dificultad/obstáculo› to overcome, surmount
no consiguieron vencer la inflación they were unable to overcome o beat inflation
3
«cansancio/sueño»: me venció el sueño/el cansancio I was overcome by sleep/tiredness
dejó que la pereza/la curiosidad lo venciera he allowed his laziness/his curiosity to get the better of him
B
(romper): el peso venció el estante the shelf collapsed o gave way under the weight
han vencido los resortes de la cama they've ruined o broken the bed springs
la presión del agua venció la compuerta the water pressure burst open the hatch o caused the hatch to burst open
■ vencer
vi
A «ejército/equipo» (ganar) to win, be victorious
¡venceremos! we shall overcome!, we shall be victorious!
B
1 «pasaporte» (terminar) to expire
el lunes vence el plazo para la entrega de solicitudes Monday is the last day o the deadline o the closing date for the submission of applications
me vence el carnet de identidad dentro de poco my identity card expires soon
antes de que venza la garantía before the guarantee runs out o expires
2 «pago» to be o fall due; «letra» to mature, be due for payment
vencerse
v pron
A «tabla/rama» to give way, break
la pata de le silla se venció por el peso the leg of the chair gave way o broke under the weight
no te apoyes, que la mesa se puede vencer don't lean on the table, it might collapse
B «pasaporte» to expire
se me venció el carnet my card expired o ran out
* * *

 

vencer (conjugate vencer) verbo transitivo
a)enemigoto defeat, vanquish (liter);

rival/competidorto defeat, beat;
no te dejes vencer don't give in

b)miedo/pesimismo/obstáculoto overcome

c) (dominar):

me venció el sueño I was overcome by sleep

verbo intransitivo
1 [ejército/equipo] to win, be victorious;
¡venceremos! we shall overcome!

2
a) [pasaporte/garantía] to expire;

el lunes vence el plazo Monday is the deadline

b) [letra] to be due for payment

vencerse verbo pronominal (AmL) [pasaporte/garantía] to expire;
se me venció el carnet my card expired o ran out

vencer
I verbo transitivo
1 Mil to defeat
Dep to beat
1 (resistir, dominar) to restrain
vencer la tentación, to overcome the temptation
2 (superar) vencer un obstáculo/una dificultad, to surmount an obstacle/a difficulty
3 (ser dominado por) les venció la desesperación, they were overcome by despair
nos venció el sueño, we were overcome by sleep
II verbo intransitivo
1 (una letra, factura) to fall due
2 (un plazo, contrato) to expire
3 Mil Dep to win
♦ Locuciones: dejarse vencer: no te dejes vencer, sigue adelante, don't lose heart, go ahead

'vencer' also found in these entries:
Spanish:
aplastar
- batir
- ganar
- machacar
- poder
- apabullar
- arrollar
- imponer
- superar
English:
beat
- conquer
- defeat
- establishment
- expire
- get over
- mature
- overcome
- run out
- surmount
- warranty
- wear down
- grim
- lapse
- over
- rout
- run
- vanquish
* * *
vencer
vt
1. [derrotar] [rival] to beat;
[enemigo] to defeat;
consiguió vencer al cáncer he won his battle against cancer
2. [superar] [miedo, obstáculos] to overcome;
[tentación] to resist;
venció al cansancio/sueño she overcame her exhaustion/sleepiness;
lo venció el cansancio he was overcome by tiredness
3. [aventajar]
vencer a alguien a o [m5]en algo to outdo o beat sb at sth;
nadie lo vence a contar anécdotas no one can beat him when it comes to telling stories
4. [hacer ceder] to break, to snap;
el peso de los libros venció la estantería the weight of the books caused the bookshelf to collapse
vi
1. [equipo, partido] to win;
[ejército] to be victorious;
dejarse vencer por el desánimo/la apatía to let oneself be discouraged/to give in o succumb to apathy
2. [imponerse, prevalecer] to prevail;
al final venció el sentido común common sense prevailed in the end
3. [caducar] [garantía, contrato] to expire;
[deuda, pago] to fall due, to mature; [bono] to mature; Am [medicamento] to reach o pass its expiry date;
el plazo para entregar las solicitudes vence el 15 de mayo the closing date o the deadline for sending in applications is 15th May
See also the pronominal verb vencerse
* * *
vencer
I v/t defeat; fig (superar) overcome
II v/i
1 win
2 COM de plazo etc expire
* * *
vencer {86} vt
1) derrotar: to vanquish, to defeat
2) superar: to overcome, to surmount
vencer vi
1) ganar: to win, to triumph
2) caducar: to expire
el plazo vence el jueves: the deadline is Thursday
3) : to fall due, to mature
See also the reflexive verb vencerse
* * *
vencer vb
1. (derrotar) to beat [pt. beat; pp. beaten] / to defeat
vencimos al otro equipo 2 a 1 we beat the other team 2 1
2. (resultar ganador) to win [pt. & pp. won]
el español venció en la carrera de 1.500 metros the Spaniard won the 1,500 metres race
3. (controlar, superar) to overcome [pt. overcame; pp. overcome]
tuvo que vencer el miedo he had to overcome his fear
le venció el sueño sleep overcame her

Spanish-English dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • vèncer — vèn|cer Mot Pla Verb …   Diccionari Català-Català


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